A healthy digestive tract contains millions of micro-organisms (intestinal flora) in the correct balance. Micro-organisms are required in the digestive processes and to aid proper bowel function.
The difference between a healthy microbial population versus pathogenic is their varying impact on the digestive tract. Pathogens damage the villi; reducing nutrient absorption and causing disease. Beneficial microbes, break down food sources which help manufacture vitamins, and preventing the establishment and growth of pathogens through modes of action such as competitive exclusion. They help maintain an ideal osmotic balance as well as maintaining an optimum gut environment, especially pH balance.
The probiotic contained in X-Factor supports and assists the calf’s immune system. This means more nutrients can be used for growth rather than just supporting immune function.Studies by researchers like Dr James Chin* at NSW University of Agriculture, show probiotic can stimulate receptors on the lumen face of epithelial cells that line the digestive tract. These receptors represent the unique way that the inside of an animal can sense the presence of live pathogenic and immunostimulatory bacteria.
Probiotic bacteria can stimulate the immune system without causing any ill effects, unlike pathogenic microbes which can secrete toxins, invade the cell walls of the digestive tract and cause symptoms such as diarrhea.
Massey University’s research work in 2008 with the ‘Queen of Calves Nutrition Programme’ included the daily use of X-Factor. Every calf in the trial programme received a 25g treatment morning and night, for the first 18 days.
* As a PhD graduate in Biochemistry from the University of Queensland, Dr. James Chin is now working as a Principal Research Scientist and Veterinary Immunologist at Elizabeth Macarthur Agricultural Institute (NSW Agriculture Centre of Excellence). His research interests include among the following: